Aloevera
Moringa
Coleus Forskohlii
Neem
Gymnema Sylvestre
Amla
Eclipta
Basil
Ashwagandha
Pennywort
Senna
Cyperus Rotundus
Pointed Gourd
Tribulus Terrestris
Indian Echinacea
Boerhavia Diffusa
Asparagus Racemosus
Mango
Vetiveria Zizanioides
Vinca Rosea
Spirulina
Myrobalan
Malabar Nut
Henna
     
 

Product details : SENNA

  • senna dried Leaves
  • Pods, stems, leaves


Botanical Name(s)
Family Name
Kingdom
Division
Class
Order
Family
Subfamily
Tribe
Genus
Species
Popular Name(s)

Parts Used
Habitat
Cassia Augustifolia
Caesalpinaceae
Plantae
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliopsida
Fabales
Fabaceae
Caesalpinioideae
Cassieae
Cassia
Angustifolia
Tinnervelly Senna, Cassia Senna, Locust Plant, Rajavriksha, Fan xia ye, Alexandrian Senna.
Pods, stems, leaves
Cultivated in dry lands of Southern & Western India, and indigenous to Arabia.

Description

A small erect shrub, Indian senna attains a height of about 2 to 3 feet. Its stem is pale green, smooth and erect. The spread out branches possess around 4 to 5 pairs of leaves. These leaves are pale yellowish-green in color, elongated spear shaped with pointed apex, about 1 to 2-inch in length and about 0.2 to 0.3-inch in breadth. The plantar surface is shiny green and dorsal surface is yellowish green. The plant has small yellow flowers. The brown pod contains 5 to 7 seeds that are dark brown in color.

Indian senna is native to India, Arab and tropical African countries. It is cultivated in India, Pakistan, Egypt and Sudan. In India, it is found throughout the year in South, mainly the districts of Tinnevelly, Madurai, Tiruchirapally and Mysore. It is commonly known as Indian Senna in English, Sanaya and Hindisana in Hindi, Swarn Patri in Sanskrit, Nat ki Sana and Sonamukhi in Gujarati, Nilavaka and Chinnukki in Malayalam, Nelavrika and Sonamukhi in Kannada and Nilapponnai in Tamil.

Chemical composition

Leaves of senna contain flavenol and anthraquinone group compounds. In the flavenol group there is present isorhamnetin and kaempfeol. And in the second group it contains rhein and emodin ,it also contains two types of glucosides known as sennoside A and B.
Besides these it contains menitol, sodium potassium tartarte, salisilic acid, crisophenic
Plant Chemicals
(+)- flavenol (isorhamnetin, kaempfeol), anrathquinone (rhein, emodin), sennoside A, sennoside B, menitol, sodium potassium tartarte, salisilic acid, crisophenic acid, volatile oils, resins, calcium oxalate.

Medicinal Properties

Senna is powerful cathartic. It has stimulant, irritating laxative, cooling and anti-bacterial, expectorant, wound dresser, antidysentric, carminative  properties. It is also anthchiintic, antipyretic, vermifuge, diuretic by nature.

Uses & Benefits of Indian Senna

  • Indian senna decreases pita and allows free movement of vata in the body.
  • The herb stimulates liver for proper secretion of enzymes in the body.
  • It helps in lowering bowels and increasing the peristaltic movement of the intestines.
  • Indian senna purifies blood and restores the metabolic imbalance lost due to indigestion.
  • The powder made from crushing leaves and fruit is helpful in treating constipation and indigestion.
  • It is useful in relieving people from the condition of osteoarthritis, gout and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • The herb is used as an expectorant, wound dresser, antidysentric, carminative and laxative.
  • Indian senna is handy in treating loss of appetite, hepatomegaly, spleenomegaly, malaria, skin diseases, jaundice and anemia.
  • The herb has purgative, anthchiintic, antipyretic, cathartic, laxative, vermifuge and diuretic properties.

Caution

  • The laxatives that contain high dose of Indian senna can result in abdominal cramping and diarrhea.
  • When Indian senna is consumed in high doses, the anthraquinones present in it may change the urine color to red, pink or brown.
  • Prolonged use of Indian senna leaves can reduce the potassium levels in the body that can lead to muscle weakness and dangerous changes in heart rhythm.
  • The leaves, when taken for a long period of time, can result in aching joints, weakened bones or muscles, weight loss and decreased appetite.
  • Consuming the herb on a regular basis can cause clubbing at the ends of the fingers.