Aloevera
Moringa
Coleus Forskohlii
Neem
Gymnema Sylvestre
Amla
Eclipta
Basil
Ashwagandha
Pennywort
Senna
Cyperus Rotundus
Pointed Gourd
Tribulus Terrestris
Indian Echinacea
Boerhavia Diffusa
Asparagus Racemosus
Mango
Vetiveria Zizanioides
Vinca Rosea
Spirulina
Myrobalan
Malabar Nut
Henna
     
 

Product details : Adhatoda Vasica - Malabar Nut

  • Leaves, Roots, Flowers and Stem Bark

Botanical Name(s)
Kingdom
Division
Class
Subclass
Order
Family
Genus
Species
Popular Name
Parts Used
Habitat

Adhatoda Vasica
Plantae
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliopsida
Asteridae
Lamiales
Acanthaceae
Justicia
Justicia adhatoda
Adulsa, Adatodai, Arusa, Adulsa, Bakas, Malabar Nut Tree, Vasaka, Baidyamata
Leaves, Roots, Flowers and Stem Bark
The plant grows in plains & in lower Himalayan ranges upto 1000 m above sea level.


Description

Adathoda is a small evergreen, subherbacious bush. The leaves are 10 to 16 cm in length, minutely pubescent and broadly lanceolate. When the leaves are dried, they appear dull brownish green in color and taste bitter. The inflorescence is dense, short pedunculate, bractate and spike terminal. The corolla is large and white, with lower lip streaked purple. The fruit is a 4-seeded small capsule. The stomata in the plant are elongated and oval in shape. The plant has been used in India for over 200 years. It is commonly cultivated in the tropics in the country.

Plant Chemicals

The chief alkaloid present in the leaves of Adathoda is a quinazoline alkaloid, vasicine; the yield of the alkaloid from different samples in India ranged from 0.541 to 1.105 per cent on dry basis. Vasicine is accompanied by l- vasicinone, deoxyvasicine and maiontone. Some minor alkaloids viz. Vasicol, adhatodinine and vasicinol also present. The roots of the plant contain vasicinolone, vasicol, peganine, hydroxy oxychalcone and glucosyl oxychalcone. The flowers of the plant contain b-sitosterol-D-glucoside, kaempferol, glycosides of kaempferoland and queretin.

Uses & Benefits of Adathoda

  • The leaves of Adathoda are rich in vitamin C and carotene and yield an essential oil.
  • The shrub is the source of a drug well known in indigenous systems of medicine for its beneficial effects, particularly in bronchitis.
  • Its leaves, flowers, fruits and roots are extensively used for treating cold, cough, whooping cough, chronic bronchitis and asthma.
  • The leaves are known to moderate the hypotensive activity, by lowering the blood pressure.
  • They assist in conditions like uterine involution, menorrhagia (excessive menstural bleeding), post-childbirth hemorrhage and uterine stimulant activity.
  • The fresh juice obtained from leaves of Adathoda has been used to treat tuberculosis. Its local use gives relief from pyorrhea and bleeding gums.
  • The leaves of this plant are, sometimes, also used as insecticides.
  • Antispasmodic properties are also associated with the plant. It helps in easing pain.

Caution

  • Consumption of Adathoda has been contraindicated during pregnancy, except at the time of the birthing process, due to its anti-implantation properties.
  • The herb possesses oxytocic properties, which stimulate contractions of the uterus and also have abortifacient effects.
  • Larger doses of this plant material can cause diarrhea, irritation of the alimentary canal and vomiting.